价格控制

价格包括工资是经济调节的一个重要渠道。价格往往是深层经济问题的反映而以,试图通过控制价格来调整经济的政策往往带来负面效果。下面是最近JPE上一篇文章的摘要。英国公立医院里护士的工资由政府统一制定。文章发现护士工资的限制影响到了公立医院里护士的质量,从而提高的病人的死亡率。结果并不惊奇。问题是价格控制为什么广泛存在在政府政策中?
 

Can Pay Regulation Kill? Panel Data Evidence on the Effect of Labor Markets on Hospital Performance

Carol Propper

University of Bristol, Centre for Market and Public Organisation, Imperial College, and Centre for Economic Policy Research

John Van Reenen

London School of Economics, Centre for Economic Performance, National Bureau of Economic Research, and Centre for Economic Policy Research

In many sectors, pay is regulated to be equal across heterogeneous geographical labor markets. When the competitive outside wage is higher than the regulated wage, there are likely to be falls in quality. We exploit panel data from the population of English hospitals in which regulated pay for nurses is essentially flat across the country. Higher outside wages significantly worsen hospital quality as measured by hospital deaths for emergency heart attacks. A 10 percent increase in the outside wage is associated with a 7 percent increase in death rates. Furthermore, the regulation increases aggregate death rates in the public health care system.

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2 responses to “价格控制

  1. This seems very different from many cases of price manipulation (which might be less efficient than taxation.) This case seems more related to incentive structure in public sectors where the wages are usually flat. Steeper incentives may be more efficient. But why do not people use steeper incentives there? Will people accept their politicians/doctors being paid like CEOs?

  2. 价格控制为什么广泛存在在政府政策中?The answer lies in what is the role of government in a society, which seems not a pure economic problem.

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