SEX AND SCIENCE: HOW PROFESSOR GENDER PERPETUATES THE GENDER GAP

S

COTT E. CARRELL

Ma

RIANNE E. PAGE

J

AMES E. WEST

Why aren’t there more women in science? This paper begins to shed light on

this question by exploiting data from the U.S. Air Force Academy, where students

are randomly assigned to professors for a wide variety of mandatory standardized

courses.We focus on the role of professor gender. Our results suggest that although

professor gender has little impact on male students, it has a powerful effect on

female students’ performance in math and science classes, and high-performing

female students’ likelihood of taking future math and science courses, and graduating

with a STEM degree. The estimates are largest for students whose SAT math

scores are in the top 5% of the national distribution. The gender gap in course

grades and STEM majors is eradicated when high-performing female students

are assigned to female professors in mandatory introductory math and science

coursework.

最近讨论这个问题的论文很多，我也打算加入的。事实上，美国理工科本科生中，女的已经比男的多了。但是，这些有理工学位的女生，毕业后却纷纷离开了理工科的工作岗位，比如研究生院或者程序员。同样的，博士生中，女性比例一直涨，但毕业后也纷纷离开了自己的专业。这里是一篇比较新的论文：http://www.nber.org/papers/w15853

好坑，有好数据的话可以跳。

很有趣, 很想知道为什么会离开